The approach to this is known as Thinking outside the Box.
There are in general two types of thinking process which are:-
- In box Thinking
- Out of box Thinking
Out of box Thinking or lateral Thinking refers to that thinking approach when we arrive at a solution of a problem in unconventional ways or look at the problem through an unexpected perspective.
In general out of box Thinking approach does not use any past experiences which are feed up in the memory and arrive at the solution through a completely unusual way and mostly used the presence of mind unlike in-box Thinkers.
Now the important question comes how to practice or how to use out of box Thinking in our day to day life.Yes there are some steps to practice it much effectively and let me explain each of them in detail:-
1] Practicing Silence:-
The first approach is how we take care of our thoughts.On an average a human mind is confined with 60,000 thoughts per day and most of the time the thoughts are repetitive.
The human mind is a nest of thoughts.Out of box Thinking can be achieved by increasing the silence between the thoughts when no brain activity should be there.The more the silence between the thoughts,more is the out of box Thinking.
In a day we all experience a brief period of time when no brain activity is there but the point is that,the period of silence is quite narrow.
So to practice out of box Thinking that period of silence should be increased and that can be increased through proper methodical Meditation and also by inculcating good habits.
2] Proper Use of brain waves at the right time:-
There are in general five types of brain waves prevailing through in our brain at different frequencies.They are Beta,Alpha,Theta,Delta and Gamma Brainwaves.
But the most interesting part is that among them Alpha and Theta are the Brainwaves which support out of box thinking.
Alpha and Theta waves are mostly prevalent at the moment we wake up from the sleep because that was the time when we are fully not a concious state of mind and due to that we can use that state of mind for our own benefit to think some complex problems instead of wasting it.
3] Practicing Aanvikshiki:-
The term might sound new but it was a old traditional approach mentioned in Kautilya's Arthashastra.
Aanvikshiki is nothing but refers to the art of Thinking.Aan refers to Anu which is a small component like atom and Vikshiki refers to right thinking.
It is also referred to as strategic thinking and basically can be followed through three steps which are:-
Samkhya means numbers,Yoga refers to connect together and lokyata refers to materialistic success.
4] Coordination between two halves of brain:-
Our human brain can be divided into two halves which is called as Left brain and the Right brain.
The left brain generally deals with Logic and the Right brain deals with Imagination.
Out of box thinking works better when both the halves of brain compromise with each other and stay hand in hand.
The importance of this is that for any given problem to be solved unconventionally we need both logic and imagination and if both shakes hands it will truly do wonders.
5] Presence of mind:-
Unique presence of mind is one of the key factor for out of box Thinking.
Presence of mind doesn't require any past memory and due to that it can arrive at any solution through unexpected ways.
Out of box thinking can also be achieved through increased Concentration.The more concentrated our mind,the lesser are the chances of will get deviated.
And the best way to increase concentration is to train our mind to stay focussed and it is not a one day job,it will come through regular practice and patience.
7] Reading Habits:-
Reading good books feeds our brain with information and knowledge and also helps in broaden the outlook.
The usefulness comes in out of box thinking when we try to look at the things through a different view not because of the knowledge feeded into our brain through books but because while reading it provides a different outlook altogether and now it's the time for its application.
8] Brainstorming Sessions:-
Good and continuous use of brainstorming sessions are a good way to practice out of box Thinking.
Anviksiki - Wikipedia
Thinking outside the box - Wikipedia