How do I improve logical thinking for writing?

Try to prove yourself wrong.

Make a statement. Back up that statement as much as you can.

Make a claim against that statement (against yourself), and back up that claim as much as you can.

Make a rebuttal for that claim, and back up your rebuttal as much as possible.

Make another claim, either against the rebuttal or against the original statement.

Etc.

Keep going until you can't think of anything else. Eventually, one side will win. Either way, you win. Either your original statement was right or the claim you made against it was right. This will also help you do research about your topic and it wi

Try to prove yourself wrong.

Make a statement. Back up that statement as much as you can.

Make a claim against that statement (against yourself), and back up that claim as much as you can.

Make a rebuttal for that claim, and back up your rebuttal as much as possible.

Make another claim, either against the rebuttal or against the original statement.

Etc.

Keep going until you can't think of anything else. Eventually, one side will win. Either way, you win. Either your original statement was right or the claim you made against it was right. This will also help you do research about your topic and it will make sure you are prepared for any naysayers and/or rebuttals your audience comes up with.

I hope this helps. God bless.

Hai

I am a memory trainer.. kindly follow these steps tk improve logical thinking.

Mind map, sudoko, jigsaw puzzles, maths game

( dont use calculator)

Daily workout on this area and make it as a habit..

I am sure u can improve ur logical thinking.

Logical thinking and problem solving skills, contrary to much public opinion and even college classes, etc. has nothing to do with how much knowledge or information is in your head it also isn’t just a trick in the way you think… it takes serious wisdom and understanding the big-picture about how things work, in reality, generally and specifically. You can’t ever get that from anyone else. The best teachers are people who guide you to discover truth. Actual teaching is becoming extinct in our society. Our schools, k-12 and even colleges are filled with “tellers” and very few actual “teachers”

Logical thinking and problem solving skills, contrary to much public opinion and even college classes, etc. has nothing to do with how much knowledge or information is in your head it also isn’t just a trick in the way you think… it takes serious wisdom and understanding the big-picture about how things work, in reality, generally and specifically. You can’t ever get that from anyone else. The best teachers are people who guide you to discover truth. Actual teaching is becoming extinct in our society. Our schools, k-12 and even colleges are filled with “tellers” and very few actual “teachers” any more.

For that reason, serious problem solving and logical thinking skills, are some of the most rare virtues around. Working in nature, where you begin to reap the cause and effects of your own labor, is one of the best habits you will ever develop. Plant a garden, learn how to build things, work with animals, work with your hands and discover for yourself how nature works and the universe operates… but then relate everything to your own life in practical application. It is a good thing to learn from others but learning is not about memorizing, it’s about discovering.

What you want to focus on is discovering principles. Principles are the most precious treasure on earth. they are always hidden beneath and in between what you think you already know. That doesn’t mean that simply working with your hands is the magic. Most people who work with their hands, still haven’t discovered principles.

Only wise and worthy mentors can help to uncover principles for you and then guide you how to discover them through your own practical experience with life. But you must be willing to do the work and discover them for yourself.

Unfortunately, even the vast majority of people who make a living helping to solve problems actually end up creating more problems than they solve because they lack the big-picture of life and reality. That only comes to a small few who have discovered that wisdom is a totally different thing than knowledge. The two are acquired in very different ways. Knowledge is based on information that can be memorized and passed from one person to another. You can stumble upon knowledge through experience but knowledge is all about “answers,” it breeds arrogance and inflated, false pride (most assumed knowledge today is not really knowledge at all but only naïve assumptions, which is really foolishness).

Wisdom on the other hand, is founded on principles. Wisdom is never contented with “answers,” because it knows there is always more…. Wisdom is entirely based on discovering better questions. Answers stop growth, questions demand and perpetuate growth… Since every piece of real truth is totally interdependent on every other truth, there is always more, better, greater improvements to make, regardless of whether you are at the bottom, top or anywhere between-of what you are trying to understand.

The great masters through time, became great masters because they never stopped learning, discovering and evolving. The only way they remain great masters is by never losing track of their leaders, mentors, masters….

Beware, however many, many today believe (and/or try to convince you) that they are wise and flaunt their money, positions, knowledge, influence, etc. Many even believe they have risen above ordinary mortals (talk about ego). But the truly wise and their followers are the ones willing to do what the masses are not willing to do… the hardest work they will ever undertake—their own self evolution. Even though difficult at first, it is only way to live with real fulfillment and genuine happiness that doesn’t fade with the lights and the music….

I have come to call, what everyone wants, but only a few have been willing to discover, the most valuable and precious treasure on earth… “The principles that birth intelligence, lead to wisdom and harness the laws of creation.”

Since you are a creator—that’s what you do, every moment of your life—create your own future reality, You can learn to create something much greater than you have done so far, regardless of how little or far you have come.

Once on that path, you will naturally see what is, over ride your ego that desperately tries to get you to find what will pacify you for the moment, so you don’t have to risk failure, and claim whatever rewards you want most. Intelligently taking those risks is the only path to wisdom and wisdom is the only environment that enables one to solve problems and see the perfect logic in the universe—and align your thoughts and behaviors with it…

There is no way to cut corners to gain wisdom—but it is the great shortcut to super success. Everything else is settle-for. You just must make the decision.

The efforts will pale by comparison to the rewards—IF you recognize and accept that it is all up to you, no one can ever come to your rescue, and then make it a life-style. There is no gimmick or tactic or trick, but once you make those commitments, the right mentors will show up and make all the difference.

Learn to love being uncomfortable, pushing yourself out of your comfort zones IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION and the world will be yours.

Let’s go catch your dreams .

Eldon Grant

Thinking with your heart is not always good for you. At times logical thinking can prevent you from making or repeating mistakes that may cost dear in future. It is assumed that people who think with their left brains are logical whereas those thinking with their right brains are more emotional and intuitive. Some people are born with high deductive ability which they cannot give up even if they try. Logical thinking can be a curse or boon; depending on the situation you are in. Logical thinking can blow off the mist created by emotions to show you the reality and factualness of the situation

Thinking with your heart is not always good for you. At times logical thinking can prevent you from making or repeating mistakes that may cost dear in future. It is assumed that people who think with their left brains are logical whereas those thinking with their right brains are more emotional and intuitive. Some people are born with high deductive ability which they cannot give up even if they try. Logical thinking can be a curse or boon; depending on the situation you are in. Logical thinking can blow off the mist created by emotions to show you the reality and factualness of the situation or people. When you become a logical person, you will be able to differentiate between truth and lies, solve your problems effectively and take right decisions which will benefit you and others. Often, the truth is staring back at us, but we tend to ignore it as we are blinded by our emotions. These are 6 easy ways that can help you think more logically, so that you will be able to look at the world more clearly with right reasoning.

1. Small details are important:

Sherlock Holmes said, ‘The world is full of obvious things which nobody by any chance ever observes.” The clue to logical thinking lies in being observant and noticing details. If you watch a person closely, you will be amazed to know how easy it to tell a lie from truth. Do not try to change facts so that they fit into your belief system, but build your beliefs on the facts. The trick of observation can be developed through practice and perseverance.

2. Work with puzzles:

Logical thinking is improved when you work on puzzles like Rubik’s cube, which demands deduction of results from all possible angels. The solution for puzzles is often described by the mnemonic SMART, which means the deductions should be Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic and Time-bounded. Puzzles and games which involve rational thinking exercise the brain to work on logical thinking. With time thinking logically becomes a habit.

3. Hold on to your own beliefs:

Do not give in to arguments that show that all people believe in it, so it is true. There was a time when everybody believed that earth was flat and center of the universe, including all the major religions of the world. There is no need for you to accept something as true, just for the reason that you cannot prove it to be wrong. Hold on to your logical thinking and beliefs that come with it, no matter how much pressure others mount on you. Never underestimate the power of intuition and gut-feeling as illogical, as they can be quite reliable at times, especially when they are your own.

4. Build formidable defense against emotional blackmail:

Not many people like it when you think about them rationally; hence, they are bound to distract you with emotional blackmail or any other defense mechanism they are familiar with. If you are not strong with your own defense against such strategies, you will yield to the pressure sooner or later. Beware of your own defense mechanisms which may have developed over the period. When people try to vague, ask them to be specific and explain exactly what they mean.

5. Ask yourself questions:

When you are doing something irrational, stop and ask yourself the question why you are doing it? Look at the action and resulting consequences from all possible angles before moving ahead. Keep aside bias, patronizing and prejudices while making your decisions. Slow down, take deep breaths and be calm. You cannot be logical when you are stressed and running in hurry. Answer your questions honestly, racking your brain for right information.

6. Be prepared to handle the truth:

Many people stop being logical just because they are afraid to face the truth. Preparing yourself to handle the truth is the first step towards becoming a more logical person. Beware that truth can be quite painful at times; but there is no reason in living in a false world. Do not ignore facts, data, clues or cause that holds light to truth because you are afraid what it may reveal. Prepare yourself to handle the bitter truth.

Improving one’s logical thinking, I believe, is essentially training oneself to employ instinctually skills one would otherwise need to employ procedurally.

Now, what do I mean by that? Well, when one solves a math or logic problem, it typically requires you to identify the pertinent information and logic at play, and to demonstrate how the conclusion is implied by that information by writing it down as a series of steps.

There’s several advantages to doing this, including enabling you to more conveniently share your reasoning with others. Another advantage is being able to check your reasoning,

Improving one’s logical thinking, I believe, is essentially training oneself to employ instinctually skills one would otherwise need to employ procedurally.

Now, what do I mean by that? Well, when one solves a math or logic problem, it typically requires you to identify the pertinent information and logic at play, and to demonstrate how the conclusion is implied by that information by writing it down as a series of steps.

There’s several advantages to doing this, including enabling you to more conveniently share your reasoning with others. Another advantage is being able to check your reasoning, to ensure that you have rigorously followed correct rules of reasoning, and that the conclusion follows from the pertinent information take as premises, logic, and universe of discourse.

There are also disadvantages, in that the cost of sitting down and writing it out can outweigh the utility in ensuring correct reasoning. Often times relying on your own instinct or ability to guess right is good enough, in terms of cost and benefit. Sometimes we are not afforded the leisure to reason rigorously. In all of those situations where we cannot, or should not, afford ourselves the cost of reasoning we should desire our instincts to be reliable.

The fact is that our instincts are not particularly reliable, and their reliability falls as the subject under scrutiny becomes more abstract from our day-to-day concerns. We train ourselves to think as much as we train ourselves to move, and just as we pick up bad habits in physical exercise, we can learn to err in our thoughts.

Improving one’s logical thinking means practising good habits of logical thought, so that one not only tends to come to the logically valid conclusions one should, but that one does not fall into fallacious or logically invalid habits of thought. Anyone can connect the dots, but the problem is not whether anyone could, but whether you can do so according to constraints: accurately, in time, and in your head. That is what it means to improve your logical thinking.

How do you improve your logical thinking as compared to your creative thinking…

I see this question has already been answered by many people and I am quite late to respond, nevertheless I will expound how would have I achieved it.

Creativity by essence of it all meanings and interpretations - is the newness or originality in the expression of any existing idea.

It is more of how you say something when you say it.

It is more of having the new eyes to look at something when the view has never changed.

So, it is obviously subjective.

You, having your own personal style to say, do or see something, is w

How do you improve your logical thinking as compared to your creative thinking…

I see this question has already been answered by many people and I am quite late to respond, nevertheless I will expound how would have I achieved it.

Creativity by essence of it all meanings and interpretations - is the newness or originality in the expression of any existing idea.

It is more of how you say something when you say it.

It is more of having the new eyes to look at something when the view has never changed.

So, it is obviously subjective.

You, having your own personal style to say, do or see something, is what makes you creative.

Now, when we think about logic, it is rational and causative. It could be taught to a person to be reasonable and to act a certain way, in order to achieve a certain outcome, as opposed to being spontaneous.

It is more of a pattern recognition and then building over that pattern thing.

It is a function of understanding rather than intuitive originality.

Remember that, when we talk about seeing a pattern, we are talking about being able to see the puzzle pieces, and the consequent big picture. A pattern itself means that it has pre-existed, as opposed to creative thinking which in itself is original and indigenous.

So you kind of train your mind, to link patterns and to look to their possible outcomes and thus you can predict the behavior, and the outcomes of situations.

Reasoning and analytical thinking can be learned by guiding your mind to think in a certain way.

And as one person already pointed out here, very importantly :

‘Put yourself out of the equation and try to look at the situations objectively.’

Thanks for the A2A.

They did a study of people once comparing people who studied logic with people who studied chess and found that teaching people chess helped them think logically even more so than teaching them logic.

The reason for that is that our brains are visual, and most of the tenets of logic don't map cleanly into that visual thinking. But chess is both logical and visual.

Ideas such as transposition, overloading of pieces, pawn chain weaknesses and the like play into logic well in ways that mesh with the brains visual processing nature.

So I'd recommend, assuming you want deep skills a

Thanks for the A2A.

They did a study of people once comparing people who studied logic with people who studied chess and found that teaching people chess helped them think logically even more so than teaching them logic.

The reason for that is that our brains are visual, and most of the tenets of logic don't map cleanly into that visual thinking. But chess is both logical and visual.

Ideas such as transposition, overloading of pieces, pawn chain weaknesses and the like play into logic well in ways that mesh with the brains visual processing nature.

So I'd recommend, assuming you want deep skills and are not in a hurry, taking up chess and reading some books on it, then looking at some classic games and playing against people online and against computer opponents and analyzing the games.

You'll find that this increases your ability to start combining logical thoughts.

Then learn things like common fallacies of thinking and other philosophical thoughts.

If you want to go the computer programming route, a good book is this one, Structure and interpretation of computer programs at http://deptinfo.unice.fr/~roy/sicp.pdf which takes things from a logician's perspective.

The most important single questions to start asking yourself are

1. If this is true what else must also be true?

2. If this is true what else must also be false?

3. If this is false what else must also be true?

4. If this is false what else must also be false?

Or, put more succinctly:

"If I know this one (or set of) thing(s), what else can I conclude and also know?"

One other thing I did for a while is played sudoko for fun, and after a couple of weeks started playing without using a pencil (doing the whole thing in my head). That will build up your ability to not only see relationships, but to pile one relationship on top of another.

But it has it's limits (not always easy to transfer the skill to other logic domains) and does get boring after a while, so mix it up.

Not really.

It cannot hurt…but, the logic aspect is a bit different.

With math, you can check to see if the answer is right, and, try something else if it doesn't check, etc. You can do a proof, etc.

With logic, the basic problem is that the brain evolved to take short cuts, as brains are very expensive in calories and nutrients, and, starvation is the most common cause of extinction.

:D

So, we are HARDWIRED to make certain types of mistakes.

Basically, things that “make sense”, and sound “right”, can be wrong, and, wrong in the same way, for the same reasons, because when were were evolving, it did

Not really.

It cannot hurt…but, the logic aspect is a bit different.

With math, you can check to see if the answer is right, and, try something else if it doesn't check, etc. You can do a proof, etc.

With logic, the basic problem is that the brain evolved to take short cuts, as brains are very expensive in calories and nutrients, and, starvation is the most common cause of extinction.

:D

So, we are HARDWIRED to make certain types of mistakes.

Basically, things that “make sense”, and sound “right”, can be wrong, and, wrong in the same way, for the same reasons, because when were were evolving, it didn't matter yet.

This is why optical illusions work at all, for example…we KNOW the types of mistakes the brain makes, and, we can trick it into making them.

So, that’s just a visual example, but, the principle applies to arguments, etc, as well.

So, “learning logic” is less about learning to think, as about learning how NOT TO think… and learning what mistakes our brain WILL make, if we don't reel it in.

Think of it as proactive thinking…LOOKING for the booby traps, by learning what they look and sound like, their properties, etc, so, you can recognize them in any environment.

That means when others present an argument, (Which can be a TV commercial/sale pitch/religious pitch or an editorial or the news, a philosophical argument, etc..)…you are scanning it for booby traps…the things the brain will latch onto and fall for, etc.

It also means scanning what YOU say, for the same thing, to avoid SAYING them too.

:D

Some common examples include confusing causation and correlation, and sunk cost errors, etc.

If you are NOT aware of these sorts of things, they will convince you of things without merit…or, you will say things without merit.

So, a logic class, for example, teaches you the types of errors, or fallacies, and, warns you to be on the lookout.

APPLYING that mental rigor to you life is actually not that easy at first…its easy to let your guard down… but, as it becomes habit, and you drop the human tendency to take the short cuts… you find that many things suddenly become quite clear, and, you can cut through the BS and get to the heart of an issue.

So, math is related to all of this, but, not in the way that you were thinking.

The main way, is that math has its own rules, and, ways of checking your work… but they are not the same rules, or ways, as logic has.

:D

A2A

Let me try to explain with simple example— Task is to find student whose rank is first and last in class. Before you write code, follow these steps. These will help you in resolving your problem.

  • Understand what you want to do carefully and define correct problem definition.

we can define our problem as “Find Max and Min Marks from list”

  • Break down main task into smaller tasks

Task looks easier when you devide it into smaller tasks. Here, You can break down it as--

  1. Read all student’s names and marks.
  2. Sort Students by marks in descending order
  3. Print name of student with first rank as first record f

A2A

Let me try to explain with simple example— Task is to find student whose rank is first and last in class. Before you write code, follow these steps. These will help you in resolving your problem.

  • Understand what you want to do carefully and define correct problem definition.

we can define our problem as “Find Max and Min Marks from list”

  • Break down main task into smaller tasks

Task looks easier when you devide it into smaller tasks. Here, You can break down it as--

  1. Read all student’s names and marks.
  2. Sort Students by marks in descending order
  3. Print name of student with first rank as first record from list
  4. Print name of student with last rank as last record from list

Go further and break down these task again into smaller tasks.

For Ex: Read all student’s names and marks can be break down as follow:

  1. Define data-structure or variables to hold all student’s names and marks.
  2. Define input method for reading data.
  3. Get input and validate.
  4. Add input to defined database (variable or database)
  • Always look for alternative.

There is always another way to do it. Before you proceed, check if there is any alternative way of solving problem and select simplest and easiest alternative.

For example in our case, we can solve it other way as follow :

1) Read student’s name and marks

2) Save it into database.

3) Fetch student with Max value of mark from database using database query, print as first rank

4)Fetch student with min value of mark from database using database query, print as last rank

  • Analyze

re-think on what you have decided and consider all possibilities to ensure 100% correctness.

Now, as you have list of small task, star coding. Start with simplest task.

Apply above for any programm you want write. If you still find it difficult, For few days, forget about programming and start solving logical puzzles. once you feel you are comfortable with it, come back to programming.

Luminous Learning

Starter Puzzles

Once you feel more than comfortable with solving these puzzles, come back to programming and try to follow these instructions.

Above All-- as mentioned in every answer to this question- Practice!! Any technique will not work without practice.

Tip 1: Learn the language ‘C’ ~You might be an expert .NET, Java or PHP developer, but I would recommend that you MUST learn ‘C. We all know why ‘C’ is the most powerful programming language, but I am not recommending learning ‘C’ to you because of its power in programming.‘C’ offers you a structured style of
programming. You have one file with the main() method and the execution
begins from there and the execution flow proceeds as you have directed it to.The main advantage in ‘C’ is that it allows you to play around with memory directly. This I believe is very important if you need to under

Tip 1: Learn the language ‘C’ ~You might be an expert .NET, Java or PHP developer, but I would recommend that you MUST learn ‘C. We all know why ‘C’ is the most powerful programming language, but I am not recommending learning ‘C’ to you because of its power in programming.‘C’ offers you a structured style of
programming. You have one file with the main() method and the execution
begins from there and the execution flow proceeds as you have directed it to.The main advantage in ‘C’ is that it allows you to play around with memory directly. This I believe is very important if you need to understand how data is passed from one memory block to another. The reason is that you start to visualize in your minds eye how data moves in your program.The next step is to develop programs that will help you improve your logic.

Tip 2: Develop programs that test your mind skills ~Ever heard of the Fibonacci series?Ever built a program that will allow the user to type his/her name and allow to bounce off that name on the screen from one corner to another like a ball?Ever thought of creating a library for a Menu Bar system?All these are examples of programs that you can develop to improve your mind and programming skills.I remember the time I was at college and I would spends nights after nights to build my own library for screen interface for menu bars,
windows, text fields, etc. In a UNIX box I would use the ncurses library and build it. I would then try and replicate the same in Windows using the conio.h file and some assembly code.Try to develop as many programs as possible in ‘C’, this will help you improve your programming logic.Following are some programs that I can help you with:Write a program (WAP) to find the max, min, average and total of numbers entered by the userWAP to accept a string from the user and find the number of vowels and the vowels that got repeated the most.WAP to accept an array of numbers and sort the same using Bubble Sort Algorithm.WAP to accept a string from the user and print all its permutations and combinations.WAP to accept to accept a number from the user and test if it is a Fibonacci number or not.I can go on and on with such questions.

Tip 3: Locate code and try to understand why it was written that way ~Use
the internet or college library to locate code written by another
developer. Try to understand why it was written that way and understand
it completely. Once you have understood why it was written they way it
is written, check to see if you could improve that logic.The main objective of this exercise is to get your brain thinking.
Tip 4: Solve logic puzzles ~Check
your local newspaper. One section of your newspaper will be filled with
series of logic puzzles and riddles. Try solving them. Don’t get
disheartened if you can’t solve them or take a long time to solve them.
Remember that you are in the learning and improving stage. Things will
be slow, but you will make progress.Your brain will be trained to think
differently with every puzzle that you try to solve. This is because now
you know a new method of solving. You could apply the same thinking
pattern to your programs as well.As a standard prescription, I would
prescribe solving Suduku puzzles. Will help you improve your logic,
concentration and skills of grouping and organizing.

Tip 5: Help other people build logic ~Once
you start feeling confident about yourself and your logic capabilities,
you should immediately start helping people. Subscribe to a forum and
start helping people there. The benefit of helping people on forums is
that you get to learn new problems that people face. This immensely adds
to your knowledge. Just imagine the power you would have once you start
to learn problems faced by other people and how you or someone else
resolved it.I have seen friends following this advice but shying at
the last moment. Why? Because they don’t want to be ridiculed in the
forum. Don’t be scared of other people ridiculing you. Look at it as a
learning experience. People who ridicule you would be the one’s with
more experience… and learning from people who are experienced is no harm
at all.

The answer is Obviously Yes!

The amount of mental fatigue you get while playing chess is similar to the fatigue caused by a match of football. That’s the amount of thinking you have to do. To explain it better; chess is a strategy-based game in which you have to outsmart your opponent and checkmate him before he does that to you.

Before every move you make, you need to think about various things. What move is he planning to make, what is my best move, how will he move to my move, then your next move and the process repeats. These things are to be thought of while playing a single move. You need

The answer is Obviously Yes!

The amount of mental fatigue you get while playing chess is similar to the fatigue caused by a match of football. That’s the amount of thinking you have to do. To explain it better; chess is a strategy-based game in which you have to outsmart your opponent and checkmate him before he does that to you.

Before every move you make, you need to think about various things. What move is he planning to make, what is my best move, how will he move to my move, then your next move and the process repeats. These things are to be thought of while playing a single move. You need to understand and interpret your opponent while deploying your strategy. Although it takes experience to do so, but logics can help you cope with it bit-by-bit.

One requires to think on his feet, analyze the situation and take the best possible decision in minimum time. Logical thinking enables us to analyze any given situation better. And we can put this to use in chess.

Logics help in stimulating the cognitive powers to help improve all these abilities. The reverse is also true. And chess is the greatest tool for it.

As a writer, you should know the 4 ways of writing, called

The Four Modes of Discourse.

If you do not know what these are, your writing might not be very logical.

If you know the Four Modes of Discourse,

…(see “E.D.N.A.” or exposition, description, narration, argumentation)

you will recognize argument.

Primarily, logical thinking pertains to argument.

Some people prefer not to be placed in a position in which they need to argue either “FOR” or “AGAINST” a proposition, and the unfortunate result of not being required to think seriously about their own thought processes, is that such people do not deve

As a writer, you should know the 4 ways of writing, called

The Four Modes of Discourse.

If you do not know what these are, your writing might not be very logical.

If you know the Four Modes of Discourse,

…(see “E.D.N.A.” or exposition, description, narration, argumentation)

you will recognize argument.

Primarily, logical thinking pertains to argument.

Some people prefer not to be placed in a position in which they need to argue either “FOR” or “AGAINST” a proposition, and the unfortunate result of not being required to think seriously about their own thought processes, is that such people do not develop thinking in a logical way.

Therefore, if you want to improve your “logical thinking,” it is best to study argument.

The Proper Way to Argue