How can I increase my cognitive and thinking abilities if I work hard and practice many times, but still have bad mental abilities?

Good thinking is a skill that can be learned. It starts not in the mind but in the world

  1. Observe reality. Thinking is firstly informed by reality, the world around you; and about reality, the world out there. Your ideas and beliefs should conform to reality (not the other way around). Observe it, pay attention to it, respect it. Realign your beliefs when they class with reality. Our inner life is also real, so observe and pay attention to that too; but note that what we feel does not necessarily align with reality and is not a guide to knowing.
  2. Define your terms. Know what you’re thinking and ta

Good thinking is a skill that can be learned. It starts not in the mind but in the world

  1. Observe reality. Thinking is firstly informed by reality, the world around you; and about reality, the world out there. Your ideas and beliefs should conform to reality (not the other way around). Observe it, pay attention to it, respect it. Realign your beliefs when they class with reality. Our inner life is also real, so observe and pay attention to that too; but note that what we feel does not necessarily align with reality and is not a guide to knowing.
  2. Define your terms. Know what you’re thinking and talking about. You have to have proper definitions of the things you are thinking about. There are objectively right and wrong definitions. A definition identifies the nature of a thing. For instance, “man” has been defined in numerous ways, from a “bipedal ape” to “an ape with opposable thumbs.” Neither of these captures the fundamental nature of man. “Man is the rational animal.” That captures the most fundamental feature of man and explains most of the others, such as the ability to do such things as speak, write, math, art, culture, humor, politics, etc. A proper definition has two parts, the genus and the differentia. The genus (animal in the case of man) connects the thing to wider class to which it belongs, while the differentia (rational) isolates it from that class. Proper definitions go a long way to making your thinking logical and efficient. So get clear on them for all the important terms in the subjects you think about.
  3. Reduce to reality. Make sure your definitions and your knowledge, tie back to reality. Most of our terms are abstract, e.g. love, democracy, good, evil. They are not directly observable. Continue to define your key terms until they connect directly to reality and to concrete examples, to what you can observe and thus validate. “Man is the rational animal,” prompts the questions, what is rational and what is an animal? In this context rational means the ability to reason. We can observe actual humans and see that they do indeed have the ability reason (even if they do not exercise it very often). Whereas mice, cats, dogs and other animals do not have such a capacity.
  4. Unite your knowledge. Tie everything together as much as possible. Ask questions, ask why, and how, and fill in the gaps in your knowledge. You will find rich connections, commonalities and patterns among everything. The universe is causal and everything is connected to everything else.
  5. Question yourself, then believe in yourself. Continually ask yourself: what do I really know about this and how do I know it? This will help uproot false beliefs and reinforce and solidify valid ones. Apply this principle to others, do not place the ideas of others above reality and above your own judgement. Do not accept “intellectual intimidators,” those who would impose their beliefs on you. (Yes, there are specialists and authorities in certain subjects, but they should be able to explain clearly and coherently their opinions and conclusions so they make sense and accord with reality.)

This is a very brief overview of a rich subject, but these principles will help direct and hone your thinking skills.

The world is a wonderful place. Getting to know it is a wonderful experience. Have fun.

Bad mental abilities or DISabilities? I ask because you sound as though you fear that you have something inhibiting your ability, mentally. Pardon my pun, but it is all in your head. Your ability will only go as far as you allow it. A lot of doctors and professors will disagree with me on this. I don't have a PhD and I care not what anyone says. Neither should you. Don't think you can, KNOW you can. Expand your mind more. Don't limit yourself to cognition. Study the beautiful aspects of critical thinking. The sky is the limit with CT. Play chess. Exercise, meditate. And exercise your memory. D

Bad mental abilities or DISabilities? I ask because you sound as though you fear that you have something inhibiting your ability, mentally. Pardon my pun, but it is all in your head. Your ability will only go as far as you allow it. A lot of doctors and professors will disagree with me on this. I don't have a PhD and I care not what anyone says. Neither should you. Don't think you can, KNOW you can. Expand your mind more. Don't limit yourself to cognition. Study the beautiful aspects of critical thinking. The sky is the limit with CT. Play chess. Exercise, meditate. And exercise your memory. Don't listen to yourself when it comes to limitations. You'll only sell yourself short, we very easily can be our worst enemies by doing so. Most importantly, enjoy life ~ appreciate who YOU are. Live and love kid. That's what life is all about. No limits.

It could be helpful for you to round off the abilities you already have with advanced course work such as you might find at college or university.

Self-study isn’t always the best course of action for learning skills that require strong dedication and discipline. Professors have developed the fine art of getting the most from their students.

What makes you think that your abilities are Bad or low? The question you are asking alone shows me that you seem to be more aware than the average person. Perhaps you are selling yourself short? There are many ways in which you may express your mentality.

Try some different areas of thought and be sure that you are interested in the first place. I go blank without interest in what I am doing. The more I am interested, the better I do.

I believe that enthusiasm for whatever you do and a desire to learn can be a great help in your situation. If your work is simply to cover your needs but not enjoyable or interesting, it may be that you could benefit from night classes to do with something that you enjoy and wish to learn more about.

Maybe! But most likely only in very specific cases of brain damage, and only for very specific types of cognitive task.

In 2005, Carlo Reverberi and colleagues published a really cool peer-reviewed paper in the journal Brain:

  • Better without (lateral) frontal cortex? Insight problems solved by frontal patients. Reverberi C, Toraldo A, D'Agostini S, Skrap M. Brain. 2005 Dec; 128(Pt 12):2882-90.

They studied patients with damage (lesions) to the prefrontal cortex:


They had these patients perform an "insight"-based task. Very simply subjects were given a math problem arranged in toothpicks. The goa

Maybe! But most likely only in very specific cases of brain damage, and only for very specific types of cognitive task.

In 2005, Carlo Reverberi and colleagues published a really cool peer-reviewed paper in the journal Brain:

  • Better without (lateral) frontal cortex? Insight problems solved by frontal patients. Reverberi C, Toraldo A, D'Agostini S, Skrap M. Brain. 2005 Dec; 128(Pt 12):2882-90.

They studied patients with damage (lesions) to the prefrontal cortex:


They had these patients perform an "insight"-based task. Very simply subjects were given a math problem arranged in toothpicks. The goal was to make the arithmetic work by only moving one toothpick. Visually:

So for the very first problem, you can see it starts by saying "4 = 3 - 1" which is clearly wrong. But by moving one of the toothpicks in the equal sign over to the minus sign, you swap the two, making an arithmetically sound equation: "4 - 3 = 1".

Without getting into a ton of details, it turns out that in some very specific cases, patients specifically with lateral prefrontal damage performed better than people without brain damage.

The theory behind this sort of fits with what we know about decision making and expectation. Basically, because of these patients' lesions they have some deficits in using contextual information and internal cues to inform their decision-making. But in a difficult task such as this with a large "search space", rather than getting stuck in specific patterns, they're a bit more "freed up" from internal expectancies and thus can hit on the correct solution more quickly.

Let me tell you a true story. I come from a poor background. My mom is on social welfare and my dad didn’t finish his high school. I can say I have bad genetics. More over, I developed bipolar I in 2011. No, my genetics is very bad. I have also Asperger.

Even though I had a 4.0 in biomedical science, I scored below average in an IQ test in 2012. I had around 110 in verbal at that time and between 100–110 in processing speed. Those were my strengths. I always believed I was very intelligence so it was difficult so swallow as a news.

I never gave up. I did not blame the diagnosis, nor the medicati

Let me tell you a true story. I come from a poor background. My mom is on social welfare and my dad didn’t finish his high school. I can say I have bad genetics. More over, I developed bipolar I in 2011. No, my genetics is very bad. I have also Asperger.

Even though I had a 4.0 in biomedical science, I scored below average in an IQ test in 2012. I had around 110 in verbal at that time and between 100–110 in processing speed. Those were my strengths. I always believed I was very intelligence so it was difficult so swallow as a news.

I never gave up. I did not blame the diagnosis, nor the medication I was taking nor the test. I kept striving for more. I started to write on Quora. I applied for medical school and managed to get accepted. Recently I passed the same IQ test and I have an IQ of 109. I have 130 in verbal and 120 in processing speed.

What I did differently? I kept focusing on my strengths. Yes I knew from the start that I was bad in visuospatial and working memory, but I didn’t try to improve much those aspects of my intelligence. I tried for some time, but I’ve realized that it wasn’t really worth it. Just let met give you an example. If you are at 8 in a strength and 3 at a weakness. What could be the best use of your time? If you can increase your strength at 9 with a time X, but improve your weakness at 5 with the same time, what would you choose?

To be honest, if you want to have the highest impact you need to do things on what you are good. For verbal, I kept reading about things that interested me. Starting writing on Quora also helped me sharing my knowledge with others. For visuospatial there are exercises available on internet. Same things with working memory. Your interests should guide you in the things you are good at. If you are good at solving puzzles then keep doing it. I’m bad with manipulating shapes in my mind, I won’t go in radiology even though it was my dream for a long time.

Hi there,

Thank you for A2A..

Individuals with bipolar 1 affective disorder(diagnosed) have cognitive impairments, even during periods of symptom remission. While these impairments are typically less pronounced than those found in other psychiatric (eg, schizophrenia) or neurological (eg, Alzheimer dementia) illnesses, reduced neuropsychological ability appears to significantly affect psychosocial functioning in patients with bipolar disorder 1. A significant portion of patients complain of cognition difficulties.

75% of asymptomatic patients scored more than one standard deviation below healthy

Hi there,

Thank you for A2A..

Individuals with bipolar 1 affective disorder(diagnosed) have cognitive impairments, even during periods of symptom remission. While these impairments are typically less pronounced than those found in other psychiatric (eg, schizophrenia) or neurological (eg, Alzheimer dementia) illnesses, reduced neuropsychological ability appears to significantly affect psychosocial functioning in patients with bipolar disorder 1. A significant portion of patients complain of cognition difficulties.

75% of asymptomatic patients scored more than one standard deviation below healthy controls on at least 4 cognitive measures, suggesting widespread, but relatively mild, neuropsychological dysfunction in patients with bipolar disorder 1. That's why, there appears to be a positive correlation between the presence of cognitive deficit and higher acuity bipolar symptoms. This means that those with histories of more acute bipolar 1 disorder (not bipolar disorder 2)mood symptoms are more likely to experience aspects of cognitive deficit.

P.S. Above shared information is strictly with respect to a diagnosed chronic bipolar 1 disorder. Hence, same is not proved for bipolar 2 disorder or any other mood disorder.

Hope this helps.

Reading textbooks or viewing computers do the same purpose of learning & updating, Whereas computers do more work to reduce your strain & quickens the time of learning & at the same time gives less exertion to brain for cognitive learning.

Text book reading makes you learn at slow pace, but exertion on brain is more, calling for detailed analysis through other reference books & consequently more work for brain.

Imaginations, beliefs & concepts come from cognitive skills.

Text book reading becomes more useful in scientific & mathematical assimilation, which is otherwise not available in computers

Reading textbooks or viewing computers do the same purpose of learning & updating, Whereas computers do more work to reduce your strain & quickens the time of learning & at the same time gives less exertion to brain for cognitive learning.

Text book reading makes you learn at slow pace, but exertion on brain is more, calling for detailed analysis through other reference books & consequently more work for brain.

Imaginations, beliefs & concepts come from cognitive skills.

Text book reading becomes more useful in scientific & mathematical assimilation, which is otherwise not available in computers in every case. For all sorts of ground work, one requires a standard format & cognitive sense to put everything in black & white in text book, before loading it in computer.

Even though text book reading plays a major role in activating or triggering your thoughts, the process does not give sufficient inputs to reduce your strain of learning & also it cannot speed up your cognitive skills, which is enabled more by scanning in computer, which is meant only to save your time in cross references, through videos, images, schematics etc., which come in very handy at click of the mouse. This accelerates your speed of learning & at the same time it is easy to assimilate, correlate, analyse & understand quickly, which is otherwise more time consuming & requires more work if you depend on reading books. Storing & protecting number of volumes of books is not only a hard task, but also occupy more space. Whereas a single computer can preserve all records,which can be played at any time. Using text editor, you can also edit, write, rewrite, comment & add to the records for quick reference at any time.

A voracious reader spends lot of time in reading, only to strain his eyes, get “back pain” etc, only to remember all that he has read for hours. In the present day technology, is it all worth spending lot of time in reading & struggling to remember all that is read, when computers can take over charge of memory part & all the struggles of reading text books for hours?

There are number of ways to develop cognitive skills. Reading books is the old method & outdated version, even though it helped before the introduction of computer.

How to improve your cognitive Skills?

1.Through accumulation of knowledge from Vedic Scripts, epics & other sources of reading materials recorded in history.

2. Simple study & observation of "Nature" & it's impacts on every aspect of life.

3. Cognitive skill, no doubt comes from some way through reading books, but slowly & steadily, after straining your mind.

4. Through scanning various illustrative articles in "websites" which provide videos, images, schematics & explanations.

5 . "Scientific" study & "Experimentation" & synthesis in laboratories.

6. Through man made sophisticated & advanced technological devices

7. Analysing effects of "Natural" disasters on humanity, animate & inanimate objects.

Some normal functions, as stated below will help adults to grow the brain, just like in case of babies, to protect cognitive function as they age:-

1. Exercise to improve blood flow to "Hippocampus", responsible for memory. Regular exercise increases one's ability to learn, handle stressful situations, helps to take clear decisions & recall memories.

2. Watching tv with more of instructive content than entertainment can enable you to generate questions to learn more.

3. Solving puzzles gives job to the brain to create new neural connections.

4. Play games which asks intelligent questions to the brain, so that it can do thinking.

5. Solving puzzles helps you to engage the brain.

6. Visit science museums, planetarium, zoos, all of which can generate work to the brain.

7. Attend lectures on special topics to generate new ideas. Attend workshops, seminars & Science conferences to enrich your knowledge.

You can get more insights on following topics in Cognition - Wikipedia.

A. Cognition Topics

1.Cognitive Biology

2.Cognitive Computing

3.Cognitive Psychology

4.Cognitive Science

5.Comparative cognition

6.Information processing technology & ageing

7.Nootropic

8.Outline of human Intelligence.

9.Outline of thought

B. Common experiments on human cognition.

CONCLUSIONS:-

Reading books is one of the ways to activate thinking to improve cognitive skills & abilities, but there are several approaches to improve cognitive skills, with less strain, than reading.

“With the blessings of Saptha Rishies & Almighty”.

You can’t test your cognitive abilities accurately, because they are immense.

Your brain is amazing. It processes about 38 petaflops per second. That’s more that the second-biggest super-computer on earth, although Summit, the new one in CA can do more. It does this on about the amount of electricity used to power a small light bulb. The supercomputers eat power like demons.

The brain does not attend to everything equally. It has some more developed areas, and some less developed “branches.” Think of stronger areas as talent+interest, which create thicker branches of neurons, which become thicke

You can’t test your cognitive abilities accurately, because they are immense.

Your brain is amazing. It processes about 38 petaflops per second. That’s more that the second-biggest super-computer on earth, although Summit, the new one in CA can do more. It does this on about the amount of electricity used to power a small light bulb. The supercomputers eat power like demons.

The brain does not attend to everything equally. It has some more developed areas, and some less developed “branches.” Think of stronger areas as talent+interest, which create thicker branches of neurons, which become thicker and thicker with use, and therefore become particular areas of strength.

Areas where you have less talent or interest get less attention and so may develop less, or less slowly. You don’t “fix” these “weaker” areas - you just develop work-arounds for them. (People who frantically work on fixing their weaker areas are wasting their time. Our interests and talents don’t change just because we think that they should.)

My advice is to enjoy and actualize your vast cognitive abilities. If you sit and watch soap operas all day, your abilities will probably be nothing special, but you have the ability to be or do anything you choose, unless you have a brain injury or have had damage to your brain through illness.

Love your brain and its powers. Don’t worry about measuring it - just grow it each and every day so that you enjoy its amazing abilities.

:)Glynis

Improving cognitive abilities requires a healthy body , mind and sharp active memory.

Imagination should be perfected to be able to visualise the pattern in the irs of the eye of the observed picture.

Practice of concentration must be purified by continously observing and recollecting the details such that perfection in the habit is spread to all the five gross senses.

Start with first being able to become single pointed . Now continue with open eyes concentration . Observe every smallest detail one by one intermittently close the eyes and recollect it . Intensely practise this till perfection in

Improving cognitive abilities requires a healthy body , mind and sharp active memory.

Imagination should be perfected to be able to visualise the pattern in the irs of the eye of the observed picture.

Practice of concentration must be purified by continously observing and recollecting the details such that perfection in the habit is spread to all the five gross senses.

Start with first being able to become single pointed . Now continue with open eyes concentration . Observe every smallest detail one by one intermittently close the eyes and recollect it . Intensely practise this till perfection in recalling the details is possible with least effort.

If you do it properly you will be able to be cognizant of the single frequency sound called unstruct sound (we call the this sound as anahata nada. ) it is similar to ringing in the ears but it is a single note not two sounds near each ears inside the head.

If this is achieved. Continue the practice discribed above with the modification of imagination of everything at the point this sound is audible. Kindly note that the precondition of arriving at this state is healthy body mind and pure love for everything around us whose intensity should be equal to the want of breath that sustains our life.